Featuring “Wonderful Ethiopians of the ancient Cushite Empire”
Drusilla Dunjee Houston
General history informs us that when the curtain of history was lifted, the civilization of Egypt was hoary with age.
Rawlinson, after his exhaustive research into the life of ancient nations, says, “Egypt and Babylon, Mizraim and Nimrod, both descendants of Ham, led the way and acted as the pioneers of mankind in the various untrodden fields of art, science and literature. Alphabetical writings, astronomy, history, chronology, architecture, plastic art, sculpture; navigation, agriculture and textile industries seem to have had their origin in one or the other of these countries.” (Rawlinson’s Ancient Monarchies, Vol. I.) ‘The Cushites were the original Arabians and dwelt there before Abraham came to Canaan.
The culture of Egypt did not originate upon the Lower Nile. Who then was her teacher? It was the ancient Cushite Empire of Ethiopians, which authorities tell us ruled over three continents for thousands of years. Beside, these gigantic achievements, the petty conquests of Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, and of Napoleon Bonaparte, fade into insignificance.
Ethiopia was the source of all that Egypt knew and transmitted to Greece and Rome. We are accustomed to think of Ethiopia as a restricted country in Africa but this was not true. The study of ancient maps and the descriptions of the geographers of old, reveals that the ancient Land of Cush was a very widespread and powerful empire. It was the race that Huxley saw akin to the Dravidians of India, stretching in an empire from India to Spain. The Greeks described Ethiopia as the country around the Indus and Ganges. (Rosenmuller’s Biblical Geography, Bk. III, p. 154.)
Stephanus of Byzantium, voicing the universal testimony of antiquity wrote, “Ethiopia was the first established country on earth and the Ethiopians were the first to set up the worship of the gods and to establish laws.” The later ages gained from this ancient empire, the fundamental principles upon which republican governments are founded. The basic stones of that wonderful dominion were equality, temperance, industry, intelligence and justice.
Bunsen says in his Philosophy of Ancient History, “The Hamitic family as Rawlinson proves must be given the credit for being the fountainhead of civilization. This family comprised the ancient Ethiopians, the Egyptians, the original Canaanites and the old Chaldeans. The inscriptions of the Chaldean monuments prove their race affinity. The Bible proves their relationship. It names the sons of Ham as Cush, Mizraim, Phut and the race of Canaan. Mizraim peopled Egypt and Canaan the land later possessed by the Hebrews. Phut located in Africa and Cush extended his colonies over a wide domain.” (Philosophy of Ancient History, Bunsen, p. 51)
The nation built by Ethiopians include;
Babylon (southern Iraq)
Mesopotamia (Iraq, southeast Turkey, northeastern Syria and Kuwait)
Elam, Media, Persia (Iran)
Assyria (modern Turkey and Armenia)
Tyre, Sidon (Lebanon)
North Canaan (Israel)
Philistia (Palestine Gaza)
Bunsen concludes by saying, “Cushite colonies were all along the southern shores of Asia and Africa and by the archaeological remains, along the southern and eastern coasts of Arabia. The name Cush was given to four great areas, Media, Persia, Susiana and Aria, or the whole territory between the Indus and Tigris in prehistoric times. In Africa the Ethiopians, the Egyptians, the Libyans, the Canaanites and Phoenicians were all descendants of Ham. They were a black or dark colored race and the pioneers of our civilization. They were emphatically the monument builders on the plains of Shinar and the valley of the Nile from Meroe to Memphis. In southern Arabia they erected wonderful edifices. They were responsible for the monuments that dot southern Siberia and in America along the valley of the Mississippi down to Mexico and in Peru.
Baldwin speaking more frankly affirms that Hebrew writers describe these first inhabitants of cities and civilized life as Cushites. “The foundations of ancient religions, mythology, institutions and customs all had the same source.
Wilford, that eminent student of the literature of India, found that Ethiopia was often mentioned in the Sanskrit writings of the people of India. The world according to the Puranas, ancient historical books, was divided into seven dwipas or divisions. Ethiopia was Cusha-Dwipa which included Arabia, Asia Minor, Syria, Nubia, Armenia, Mesopotamia, and an extended region in Africa.
These Sanskrit writings prove these regions were the most powerful richest and most enlightened part of the world. From these authoritative records and the conclusions drawn by historians of deeper research we would decide that many ancient peoples, who have been assigned to other races in the average historical book of modern times, were in reality Ethiopians. There were nations that called themselves Cushites who never knew themselves under the titles and classifications that superficial students have given them. The Phoenicians in the days of Christ called themselves Ethiopians. The Scriptures and ancient records called the Samaritans Cushites. To create a true story of the ages the entire fabric of the ethnological relationship of the races will have to be torn down to be more honestly laid.
The stories of the “Arabian Nights,” picture the activities and world wide scope, of Cushite civilization in the declining days of Ethiopian glory. Its scenes represent India, Persia, Arabia and Chaldea, which were primitively Cushite, in the decline of the Gold and Silver Ages of ancient tradition. The Phoenicians in the days of Christ called themselves Ethiopians; the Sumerians were Ethiopians, though modern books and the corpus of Western history have ascribed their achievements to other races.
They were the object of worship of all the nations that appear civilized at the dawn of history. The literature and music of Greece and Rome was permeated by this deep Ethiopian strain.
” Dionysus, Hercules, Saturn, Osiris, Zeus and Apollo were Cushite kings of the prehistoric ages. Around these and other Ethiopian deities the people of the Mediterranean and the Orient wove their mythologies.
They still continue to be objects of curiosity and admiration; and the pens of cautious and clear sighted historians often place them in the highest rank of knowledge and civilization.”
Houston’s critique of modern-day books, (and she is writing in 1926) and distortions in the historical record supports her argument for the history of the first civilization to be re-written. And her assertions are supported by future generations of non-traditional historians such as Sheik Ante Diop and Ivan Sertima.
Meaning and Etymology
On the most basic level, the average researcher will encounter the following while seeking the definition of the name Ethiopian:
“A member of a mythical or actual peoples usually described by the ancient Greeks as dark-skinned and living far to the south”
Or in its most ancient use:
“A black person”
Its contemporary use:
“A native or inhabitant of Ethiopia”
The names “Ethiopian” and “Cush” are also defined as “black” or “burnt” of skin. These definitions were never invented by the Cushites themselves but are descriptions of ancient Greek and Roman writers such as; Herodotus, Strabo, Pliny, and Diodorus. The mere suggestion of the ancient Ethiopian as “mythical” discredits the source. Perhaps they had not considered that their definition relegates the Greeks and Romans to the realm of myth also, since all three civilizations are recorded in the annuls of antiquity.
Today these lands combined are known as the Middle East, and are inhabited by Arab Muslim nations, but these lands were not given to them as a possession when the earth was divided. But that will be discussed in detail in our up-coming video and EBook “The Psalms 83 War.”
The Jewish Encyclopedia claims:
The Old Testament takes no cognizance of the Negro race, though Jer. 13: 23 may be considered a passing reference to a dark-skinned people. Cush refers only to Ethiopia, and there exists no ground for assuming that the Biblical writers had a more extended knowledge of the African continent.
They are correct that the name Negro cannot be found in the Bible because it is derived from the Spanish /Portuguese word “Niger.” Now since the Spanish and Portuguese do not form part of the ancient races, but are the product of co-mingling with Edom, the Moors and Greeks, Spanish definitions ought to be dismissed for the more authentic language of the biblical writers. The names Cushite, Ethiopian, Persian, Mede, Assyrian, Hebrew, Elamite, Canaanite, or Egyptian, found in the Bible are references to what the modern-day nations call the Negro, Black, African-American, African, and Afro-Caribbean.
The ancient Ethiopians are the descendants of Shem and Ham, and the Cushites are the seed of Cush, the son of Ham and father of Nimrod. So in effect, Elam, Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, (Gen 10:22) were the brothers of Ham, and their children cousins. It is from among this family (who were all idol worshipers), that Abram was chosen and from whose loins would come a “chosen seed”
It was Nimrod who led his family from the devastation at Babelmandel (destruction of Babel) in East Africa to build cities in the ancient Neat East; described in the Bible as Shinar. There was never a tower of Babel in Shinar, the only confusion we find there are the many names and descriptions scholars have attributed to the region. It has been known as Asia, Mesopotamia (Greek), Sumer, (southern Mesopotamia – modern day southern Iraq) the cradle of civilization, the Fertile Crescent, the Orient, and the modern- day Middle East. [Watch a video on the Tower of Babel here]
The kings of Egypt were Ethiopian and it becomes evident that the invading Hyksos were not. Houston discusses the Hyksos invasion, but I do however find it difficult to comprehend Houston’s use of the term Semitic. It becomes clear that she considers the Semites a different breed to the Ethiopian Cushites – and she is right, but only technically. a Semite is described said to be a descendant of Shem, or a group of people who share a similar language. The Ethiopians /Cushites who inhabited and built wonderful structures in Shinar were of one family and one language, and all were the descendants of Shem.
Myths and Legend
If we are to consider myths and legends at all, Houston writes of Memnon of Greek legend who was a real Ethiopian, who died in the siege of Troy. W.E Dubois says, To the ancient Mediterranean world Ethiopia (i.e., the Land of the Black-faced) was a region of gods and fairies. Zeus and Poseidon feasted each year among the “blameless Ethiopians,” and Black Memnon, King of Ethiopia, was one of the greatest of heroes. (Dubois, Ethiopia and Egypt, chap. III, p21) The siege of Troy is numbered among many Greek myths, originating from the Ethiopian empire. Gilgamesh, the Melcarth of Tyre and Hercules of Greece, are all identified with the name of Nimrod of the Hebrews.” The adventures of Nimrod were preserved in the library at Erech and are identical with the twelve labors of Hercules.
Academic hypocrisy, that compels modern historians to date the co-mingling of the races back to earlier ages is unscientific. All the kings whose monuments were found used the same language, professed the same religion and followed the same traditions. This she says, proves continuity of race.
CHAPTER I., THE EMPIRE’S AGE AND SCOPE.
W.E.B. Du Bois, The Negro, 1915.
© L.B. Jones